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Tag: collective intelligence

Quinn and Bederson – 2011 – Human computation: A survey and taxonomy of a growing field.

Summary: This paper proposes a standard definition and classification system for human computation based on a systematic literature review of computer science papers published by ACM.

Synthesis: Interesting approach that could be helpful to extension of T/R/H framework. See sections: Consider new dimension pairs and Invent new values for dimensions

Petersen & Büscher – 2018 – Intersecting Intelligence

Summary: Largely critical book chapter that strikes a need to re-frame humanitarian big data as a complex, socially contextualized artifact. Outlines the promise and peril of gathering collective intelligence (situational awareness), surveillance, and assessing big data from the perspective of the refugee crisis in Europe.

Synthesis: The chapter cites several works that bolster my research agenda of “Information is Humanitarian Aid.” Also addresses some finer points on threat surveillance that stems from how classifications and categories are framed. This issue also gets at post-colonial interpretations of people, places, and events. (See: Winner, Do Artifacts Have Politics? / Bowker and Star, Sorting things out: Classification and its consequences. / Irani, Post-Colonial Computing). The chapter doesn’t engage at all with temporal aspects of big data in crisis context.

Benkler, Shaw & Hill – 2014 – Peer Production: A Modality of Collective Intelligence

Summary: Overview of peer production research with an eye on three specific features: organization, motivation, and quality. Benkler et al., describe historical empirical work exploring how communities form and manage themselves, the entanglement of intrinsic and extrinsic motivations within a unique labor force, and different attributes of value/trust in both the peer production process and the content it creates.